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Definitionof relative pronoun: 

arelative pronoun is a pronoun that introduces a relative clause. It is called a"relative" pronoun because it "relates" to the word that it modifies.  There are five relative pronouns: who , whom , whose , which , that.
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  Examples








Restrictive
(defining )
relative clauses

Subject
- The boy who/ that sent an email  last week is my brother.

people
- The cat which/ that bit me was black.
things


Object
- The boy whom/ who/ that I sent an email last week is my brother.
- The person I called last night is my  friend.

people
- The story which/ that I am reading is interesting.
- The story I am reading is interesting
.

things


Possessive
- The woman whose  house is new is my  neighbour.

people
-  I know the man whose car  is new.

things





Non-restrictive
(non-defining) relative clauses

Subject
- The man, who  is 40 years old , is our teacher.
people
- Fruits, which are really cheap in Morocco , can be bought now  for a reasonable price.

things


Object
- The teacher, whom/who I respect , has just published two books.


people
- The pictures, which he admired , were stolen.
  things


Possessive
- My brother, whose car is new , is a teacher.
people
- The house, whose windows were broken , was stolen by a stranger.
  things