LET'S LEARN AND WRITE IN ENGLISH


PREFIXES AND SUFFIXES

A. Prefixes

prefix
Meaning
Examples
Dis-
Pre-
anti-
re-
post-
out
co-
mis-
en-
pro-
over
under-
self-
ex-
sub-
auto-
multi-
semi-
Away/ not
Before
Against
Do again/ back
After
More than / outdo another
Together/ with
Wrongly/badly
Make/ cause to be
For/ in favour of
Too much
Not enough/ too little
By one self
Former
under
of or by one self
many
half
Disappear, disbelief, disrespect…………
Pre-historic, pre-school, pre-pay……….
Anti-boitic, anti-war, anti-virus………
Re-elect, re-read, re-write………..
Post-war, post-graduate, post-date………..
Out-number, out-weigh………
Co-manage, co-exist…………
Mis-understand, mis-behave, mis-hear……….
En-lanrge, en-rich, en-danger……………………
Pro-abortion, pro-American………..
Over-sleep, over-cooked, over-populated
Under-cooked, under-worked……………………..
Self-educated, self-defence……..
Ex-president, ex-wife…………..
Sub-zero, sub-marine………..
Auto-biography, auto-mobile, automatic……….
Multi-lingual, multi-national, multicultural……
Semi-circular, semi-final………

B. Suffixes:
1. Suffixes that are used to form verbs:

Suffixes
Examples
-ise
-ate
-ify
-en
Stabilise/ characterise/ specialise……..
Different differentiate/ fabric fabricate…………
Class classify/ simple →   simplify
fast → fasten/ short   → shorten/ wide   → widen……….


 2. Suffixes that are added to verbs, nouns and adjectives to form nouns:
Suffixes
Examples
-tion
-sion
-er
-ment
-ant
-ance
-ence
-ship
-ity
-ness
-dom
To demonstrate→ demonstration/ to inform → information…………
To expand → expansion/ to include → inclusion/ to divide → division………….
To drive → driver/ to write → writer / to smoke → smoker………………..
To move → movement / to develop → development………….
To assist → assistant………..
To accept → acceptance/ to assist → assistance…………
To prefer → preference/ to depend → dependence………………..
Friend → friendship / relation → relationship…………………………..
Similar →similarity / responsible →responsibility…………..
Dark → darkness / mad → madness……………………………………….
Free → freedom / king → kingdom / bored → boredom……………..

 3. Suffixes that are to verbs and nouns to form adjectives:

Suffixes
Meaning
Examples
-ive
-ous
-full
-less
-able
-ish
Having  the quality of
Full of 
Full of
Without / having no
Able to / capable of / can be done
like
Attract → attractive
Continue → continuous
Respect →respectful
End → endless / home →homeless
Drink →drinkable
Child → childish/ fool → foolish