LET'S LEARN AND WRITE IN ENGLISH


                     How to write an argumentative essay:

Defintion:  argumentative essay is an essay  that attempts to convince the readers that an opinion is true/false  or to persuade the readers to perform a specific action.

                 Tips for writing an argumentative essay:

1. Choose the topic: in argumentative essay, the topic must be debatable. In other words, the topic must state an opinion and not a fact.

e.g:   smoking causes throat and lung cancer.

This statement expresses fact,  so it is not debatable.

  -- using the Internet is just a waste of time.

This statement expresses an opinion, so it is debatable.

2. Define your audience:

-  to whom you are writing? Your teachers/ your classmates/ your society……

- Does your audience have any knowledge about the topic? If they don’t know, provide background information.

3. Brainstorming: brainstorm your ideas on a piece of a paper.

-What graphic organizers will you to organize your ideas?

A Venn diagram/ creating a web or mind map/ sequential chart/ cyclical map…………

4. Planning: outlining the arguments:

a) Introduction:

-- background information/ statement that shows the importance of the topic

-- Contrary statement (many argue that………/ it is claimed that…../ it has been argued that…….)

-- However, (the main argument/statement) it is my contention that…………….

b) Body:

-reason:01: (why you hold your opinion)..........................

Evidence: 01: (examples, statistics……..)

Evidence: 02: ……………………...............…………………..

-Reason: 02:…………………………….............………………….

Evidence:01:…………………………........................…………..

Evidence:02:…………………………......................…………….

c) Conclusion: 

call to action(to argue the readers to perform a specific action)/ restatement of the main argument

 5 .Drafting:

a. Do I stick with the same idea through my writing?

b. Identify the ideas which must use, might use and will not use.

c. What ideas should you develop further?

d. Place your ideas in the order that would make the most logical sense

e. Problematize the opposing statements using special expressions like: it is claimed that/ it has been argued that ………

f. Express your opinion clearly in a single statement refuting the opposing argument using: however, it’s my contention that………..

g. Support your main argument with reasons and evidences; and each reason should explain why you hold your opinion

6. Revising:  improve your writing

a. Is the topic debatable opinion about a serious issue?

b. Does the main argument state your opinion?

c. Is your opinion supported by at least three reasons?

d. Is each reason supported by some kind of evidences, such as facts, statistics, examples ………

e. Does the concluding paragraph restate your opinion or summarize the main argument?

f. Do transitional expressions (however, in fact, indeed, moreover, but…..) connect your ideas and make the essay to understand.

7. Editing:  correct your work:

a. Have you used complete sentences?

b. Are your language conventions correct?

- spelling

- capitalization

- grammar or tenses